Accepted Research Papers

Following the evaluation procedure, the OLLD evaluation committee has accepted the research papers. All papers reflect on the theme of the conference “Living Labs for an Era of Transitions: how human-centric approach is changing our lives” and have been classified according to its sub-topics. These are Green Transition, Digital Transition, Social Transition, Just Transition and Living Labs Transition – Methodologies & Impact.

Selected papers by the Evaluation Committee

These papers will be presented on DAY1 (Thursday, 21 September) at the Social Transition Research Session (15.45-17.15).

Research track sponsored by SHIFT-HUB.

Infrastructuring social labs: Establishing a sustainable research, development, and innovation platform driven by citizen collaboration

Fumiya Akasaka, Yuya Mitake, Fuko Oura, Kentaro Watanabe, Kazuhiro Kojima

Fumiya Akasaka

Researcher National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)

Track: Social Transtion

Abstract: In this study, we propose the concept of ‘social lab’ as a sustainable research, development, and innovation (R&D&I) platform. A social lab is a derivative of Living Labs (LLs) that emphasises R&D&I in collaboration with citizens. This paper especially describes our case study aims at ‘infrastructuring’ (i.e. establishing and sustaining) a social lab in an actual city setting. By analysing the case study process and results, we identified three key implications for effectively infrastructuring social labs: supporting the process of core member formation, leveraging existing urban resources, and establishing a coevolutionary loop between infrastructural resource development and R&D&I practices. We also revealed the challenges in infrastructuring social labs, such as human resource issues, low visibility of outcomes, and a lack of SD methods and tools.

Keywords: Social lab, infrastructuring, R&D&I, citizen involvement, case study

Co-creating a Citizen Science Toolkit for Climate Assemblies in Living Labs

Julian Vicens, Nil Alvarez, Ferran Bertomeu, David Laniado

Julian Vicens

Researcher Fundació Eurecat

Ferran Bertomeu

Track: Social Transition

Abstract: Citizen science, living labs and climate assemblies are spaces that open participation to the public. This manuscript describes a novel methodological approach which involves building scientific knowledge through citizen science projects, developing innovative tools in living labs, and generating recommendations for policymakers raised in climate assemblies. In this case, the Ebre Bioterritori Living Lab serves as the hub for co-creating a citizen science toolkit for climate assemblies. Citizen science projects are carefully selected from diverse databases and platforms and are relevant to climate change action. Furthermore, the citizen science toolkit is co-created in the living lab, with activities designed around each citizen science project. The toolkit is tested by a group of people in the living lab before being deployed in climate assemblies for different stakeholders, including policymakers, facilitators, technicians and citizens. The primary goal of the toolkit is to enable participants to acquire knowledge from citizen science projects and to ensure the inclusivity and accessibility of the participatory process to all living labs and climate assemblies. In summary, this research aims to create an inclusive, accessible, and effective citizen science toolkit that ultimately empowers citizens to take collective action on climate adaptation through participatory processes. 

Keywords: Citizen science, climate assemblies, deliberative democracy, climate adaptation, climate policymaking, bottom-up governance.

Living Lab in making: Exploring the emergent phase of University Living Lab development

Beata Jałocha, Marta Najda-Janoszka, Anna Góral, Jarosław Działek

Beata Jałocha

Associate Professor Jagiellonian University Kraków

Track: Social Transition

Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the emergent phase of a university living lab to identify and explain the contingencies that surface from the process of developing and implementing an idea of a living lab in an already complicated institutional environment. The empirical research followed a single case study design. The analysis of the data gathered from multiple primary and secondary sources was guided by the qualitative content analysis approach. The study provides insights into behavioral, social, and cultural factors that underlie the emergence of a university living lab. It contributes to theory and practice by explaining the pre-lab dynamics and its context.

Keywords: Living lab, university living lab, pre-lab, emergent phase.

AI to Fight Disinformation: a Living Lab Approach

Aline Duelen, Wendy Van den Broeck, Iris Jennes, Sissel Fibecker Ladegaard, Marie Hoff, Nicklas Bang Bådum

Aline Duelen

Researcher TITAN Project

Marie Hoff

Researcher TITAN Project

Track: Social Transition

Abstract: Disinformation is a main problem in today’s digital society, as it affects public opinion and causes public harm. This paper introduces research carried out within the Horizon Europe project anonymised, where an AI-based engine will be developed to counter disinformation by encouraging citizens’ critical thinking processes. The overall implementation methodology of this project consists of a Living Lab approach in three phases. With this, the realization of a socially accepted and trustworthy citizen-centered AI-system will be ensured. This paper will present the findings and results of the first phase within the co-creation process and will cover the expected outcomes of the other two phases.

Keywords: Disinformation, Trustworthy AI, Citizen Engagement, User Involvement, Living Labs

Living Lab and International Cooperation in Tertiary Education

Sangsup Ha, Sujung Nam, Jeong-In Lee, and Sangbum Shin

Jeong-In Lee

Research Professor Yonsei University

Sangsup Ha

Research Professor Yonsei University

Track: Social Transition

Abstract: Living labs are a series of problem-solving and innovation activities carried out by citizens, scientists, specialists, governments, and firms. If used in college education, living labs become a typical example of a community-based problem-solving learning method. In this study, a project on international educational cooperation based on living laboratory activities will be introduced. Three universities from three different countries have been invited by our host university, and these four universities are implementing living lab projects simultaneously. The results will be shared once the project is completed, and the similarities and differences in the project outcomes will be analysed. To date, two cooperative models have been identified. First, students in different countries can focus on similar problems but come up with different solutions based on their political, economic, social, and cultural conditions. Second, students in different countries can focus on different problems but can cooperate to address the problem more effectively.

Keywords: Living lab, problem-solving, tertiary education, international educational cooperation.