Thursday Research Papers
Chairs for Topic of Digital Social Innovation
Dr. Dimitri Schuurman – imec
- Social innovation and digital rights
- Social impact of AI
- Replicability and scalability of Digital Social Innovation initiatives at a wider scale
- New practices to reduce Regional and International investment struggles in Digital social innovation and digital skills shortages
- New models to boost collaboration and knowledge-sharing between different regions, cities and socio-cultural contexts to increase the implementation of Digital social innovation
- Methodologies for evaluating the impact of digital social innovations on citizens and final users
- New models models for growth and sustainability of Digital social innovation
Chairs for Living Labs for a Greener Future
Josep Maria Salanova Grau – Head of the data analysis & modelling laboratory at CERTH-HIT
- Decarbonization and Sustainable Development
- Earth Science and Climate Change policies
- Innovation Models for increasing Energy efficiency
- Regenerative Agriculture to Reverse Climate Change
- Environmental monitoring and management through LL methodologies
- Circular Economy practices and innovative business models
- Climate Change challenges and innovative models for sustainable product-service-systems
- Green Economy & Human Health
- Open innovation models for renewable energy
- Mitigation and adaptation models for reducing Climate Change
- Mobility for climate change adaptation
- Supply chain and logistics for circular economy
- Business models supporting new mobility services
Co-creating a Living Lab for Sustainable Community Engagement
by Kyosuke Sakakura
Track: Full Research Paper
Topic: Digital Social Innovation, Urban & Rural Resilience and Challenges for Living Labs
- Urban Living Lab
- Resident involvement
- Community Engagement
- Oyamachi Living Lab
Abstract. This study will propose the co-creation of living labs as a method for fostering a sustainable and proactive community of participants based on the idea of relational community engagement, and verify the effectiveness of the method through action research on the implementation of the Oyamachi Living Lab in residential areas of Tokyo.
Associate Professor of the Faculty of Urban Life Studies, Tokyo City University
Kyosuke SakakuraAssociate Professor of the Faculty of Urban Life Studies, Tokyo City University
Kyosuke Sakakura is an Associate Professor of the Faculty of Urban Life Studies, Tokyo City University. He received his PhD in Media and Governance from Keio University, in 2019. His fields of interests are community design and management based on sociology and urban design. He has conducted practical research on community building methods for local communities and organizations from the perspective of "collaborative platforms" where connections and activities are created through the interaction of diverse actors.
The Urban Living Lab as tool for introducing circularity in the everyday life of vulnerable neighbourhoods: Case study Kerkrade-West, the Netherlands
by Stefano Blezer, Marijn van de Weijer and Nurhan Abujidi
Track: Full Research Paper
Topic: Digital Social Innovation and Urban & Rural Resilience
- Urban Living Labs
- Vulnerable neighbourhoods
- Urban Circular Economy
- Neighbourhood revitalization
Abstract The United Nations SDGs are a global framework towards a better world in 2030 including provision of basic human needs and tackling complex societal challenges that require sustainability transitions and changes in current socio-technical systems. One particular challenge is an urban circular economy transition that is currently mainly explored from a sectoral and technological point of view, leaving behind the socio-spatial and socio-cultural perspective. This study, therefore, explores the role of ULLs and the introduction of sustainability concepts in a socially vulnerable neighbourhood and its public space in Kerkrade-West, the Netherlands. Vulnerability refers to a mix of physical, socio-economic, and cultural challenges that weigh on the overall quality of life in a neighbourhood where inhabitants are concerned about everyday livelihood rather than sustainability practices. A three-year urban design workshop cycle with local urban stakeholders, citizens and students addresses the urban circular economy transition by combining urban design with socio-historic neighbourhood structures and the introduction of sustainability concepts in public space. As such, the workshop cycle provides three lessons to contribute to the urban circular transition: 1) lower the threshold of the circularity concept by introducing it in public space rather than framing it as a private and business concept only. 2) ULLs provide a tool to combine and bridge global sustainability concepts with everyday livelihood in vulnerable neighbourhoods by proper embeddedness in local context and dialogue with inhabitants. 3) The social value of circularity (and other sustainability concepts) are a tactic for neighbourhood revitalization that builds upon and improves local socio-spatial values.
To conclude, we argue that the challenges to transition towards more circular economy models is mainly a social-cultural one, and requires a shift in the way we explore, disseminate and integrate circular practises as well as perceive notions such as ‘circularity’ in urban development and the daily lives of citizens, especially in vulnerable neighbourhoods.
Associate Professor at Zuyd University of Applied Sciences
Nurhan AbujidiAssociate Professor at Zuyd University of Applied Sciences
Nurhan Abujidi is Associate Professor at Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, where she is the Head of the Smart Urban Redesign research centre. She leads urban renewal projects in multiple neighbourhoods and cities in Limburg, including Maastricht, Heerlen and Kerkrade. Abujidi holds a doctor’s degree in Achitecture, Urban Design and Regional Planning from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium). At this university, she also completed a post graduate Master in Architecture of Human Settlement. Abujidi was a teacher in international, post-graduate programmes at the Belgian universities Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). At VUB, she was the academic coordinator of the Erasmus Mundus UII-module Urban Studies. As a vice-dean and senior researcher at the School of Architecture of San Jorge University (Zaragoza), Abujidi led multiple research projects on urban development. Her expertise includes urban renewal, public space revitalisation and tactical urbanism.
Living lab as the cluster of innovating, valorising and internationalising of the higher education sector
by Jungyoon Yang and Dr. Jieun Seong
Track: Practitioners Presentation
Topics: Digital Social Innovation and Challenges for Living Labs
- Transnational living lab
- Higher education living lab
- International collaboration
- National agenda for enhancing higher education
- Academic-industries collaboration
- Integrating co-creation to international living lab collaboration
- Social innovation and living lab projects
Abstract. The collaboration of university initiative living lab projects between Korea and the Netherlands has been raised to the level of most important innovation. The development of the living lab shifted from the international ties of education and research to the national agenda for the future of higher education and conversion and diversion towards a circular and sustainable economy. Especially, the Linc+ project, which is funded by the Korean Ministry of Education to accelerate academic-industrial collaboration, launched the Korea universities’ living lab network, comprising over 45 universities, and strengthened the international co-creation platform with Dutch universities through living lab projects, such as serious game design, smart aging, and social innovation. This mutual collaboration has benefited the creation of spaces for talents, quality education and research, ambitions for internationalisation, and led to the higher impact of living lab projects contributing to the solution of future societal problems. This paper will demonstrate the successful procedure of the living lab collaborations between Dutch and Korean universities, and the solidarity of the diverse strategies behind the multiple stakeholders, including government institutes, policy makers, universities, local authorities, coordinators, facilitators and connectors. The key factors of this international collaboration are based on the segmentation of the living lab sectors for clear vision and interests, targeting future-oriented needs, developing online platform and maintaining its continuity after the pandemic era.
Senior Research Fellow / STEPI (Science and Technology Policy Institute)
Jieun SeongSenior Research Fellow / STEPI (Science and Technology Policy Institute)
Jieun Seong received her PhD in public administration from Korea University and is currently working as a senior research fellow at the Science and Technology Policy Institute. Her major research areas are living lab, science and technology innovation governance, and integrated innovation policy. She has been working as Program Director of KNoLL (Korean Network of Living Labs) since 2017, serving as a civilian member of the Social Economy Advisory Group of the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and the ICT R&D Project Deliberation Committee of the Ministry of Science and ICT. She contributed to the national living lab agenda by combining the inputs of regional communities, industries, academics, research institutes and governmental bodies, and has cultivated the trans-national living lab projects with international partners, Japan and the Netherlands among them, organising round table, collaborative forums and workshops which are the foundation for the future platform of living labs.
Chief Representative Officer / Nuffic Neso Korea
Jungyoon YangChief Representative Officer / Nuffic Neso Korea
For the past six years Jungyoon Yang has been the Chief Representative Officer of Nuffic Neso Korea, the Dutch Organisation for Internationalisation of Higher Education, which was founded in 1952. She has been coordinating living lab projects between Dutch and Korean universities and diverse stakeholders, enhancing the quality of institutional cooperation programmes on behalf of the Dutch government and other donor organisations. Nuffic Neso Korea provides higher education institutions, students and government bodies with information on new developments in international cooperation through studies and research assignments. Her major contribution combining the living lab concept with the academic curricula of Dutch and Korean universities resulted in the successful collaboration on the ‘Smart Ageing Living Lab’ project, which was launched in 2016, and focuses on the online platform for the universities’ initiative of living lab collaborations.
Co-Creation During COVID: Lessons and Unexpected Benefits of a Sudden Shift to Co-Creation in Virtual Environments
by Chris McPhee
Track: Practitioners Presentation
Topic: Urban & Rural resilience
- Agroecosystem living labs
Abstract Lockdowns and travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic prompted a sudden and widespread shift to working in virtual environments. This shift posed substantial challenges to living labs that depended on in-person co-creation workshops to bring together users and other partners to drive the innovation process. Within Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Living Laboratories Initiative, these challenges were particularly acute given the unique characteristics of agroecosystem living labs, including the remote locations of users (farmers), a frequent lack of reliable internet access in rural areas, and the time pressures of impending and immoveable deadlines imposed by the growing season. This presentation will share the experiences and adaptations that were made to living lab co-creation approaches in response to a global crises. Examples of solutions used across the network and in the launch of the new program included direct translations of in-person workshop formats to virtual environments, in-situ Zoom hosting on mobile devices in farmer’s fields, and hybrid events where limited in-person gatherings were allowed. The lessons learned in this context will be of interest to others who need to adapt their processes in response to unique new challenges. However, this experience also demonstrates how the crisis forced process improvements whose benefits extend beyond the crisis itself and revealed additional benefits and solutions to pre-existing challenges.
Innovation Management Specialist
Chris McPheeInnovation Management Specialist
Chris McPhee is an Innovation Management Specialist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s nationwide network of living labs through Agricultural Climate Solutions and the Living Laboratories Initiative. These two programs apply an integrated approach to agricultural innovation by bringing farmers, scientists, and other partners together to co-develop, test, and monitor new practices and technologies in a real-life context. Prior to this role, he served for nine years as Editor-in-Chief of the Technology Innovation Management Review, an international journal focusing on emerging topics in innovation – notably including living labs – from a multidisciplinary perspective. In Canada and Scotland, he has held various innovation-related roles in the private sector, the public sector, and academia, primarily in the areas of education, healthcare, and science. His areas of interest include living labs, open innovation, entrepreneurship, participatory and action research, knowledge mobilization, and the human and social dimensions of innovation. Chris holds an MASc degree in Technology Innovation Management from Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada, and BScH and MSc degrees in Biology (Plant Ecology) from Queen’s University in Kingston, Canada.
Towards an XAI alignment workshop: a practice-oriented, multi-stakeholder approach for human-centred AI explanations
by Jonne Van Belle and An Jacobs
Track: Research In Progress Paper
Topic: Digital Social Innovation
Abstract: The field of Explainable AI (XAI) aims to find ways to create understandable and transparent AI systems to promote fairness, prevent bias and to make dealing with the systems easier. In our research we expand upon the existing approaches from a living labs, human-computer interaction and design perspective. We present the XAI alignment workshop and its train-the-trainer concept as the first step of a holistic development methodology for human-centred explainable AI. Our aim is twofold: we focus (1) on how to make AI explanations more human-centred and (2) on how to support practitioners in doing so, since most systems that will affect the lives of people are created by professionals within a business context. To bridge the gap between research and practice, we are developing the workshop through case studies, and we created the train-the-trainer concept to try to empower practitioners to take ownership over the materials and build a more human-centred, inclusive and transparent way of working within their AI projects.
Jonne van Belle
Researcher working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2020
Jonne van BelleResearcher working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2020
Jonne van Belle, MSc, is a researcher working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2020. She works on projects related to smart cities, data privacy and artificial intelligence and translates these insights to society as part of the Knowledge Centre Data & Society. With her background in design, user research and human-technology relations, she is interested in understanding the social impact of technologies and how this can be improved in real-life cases using design and communication. In her projects she likes to combine ideas from human-centered design, anthropology, sociology and philosophy of technology to find ways to create responsible (design of) technologies.
Sociologist working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2005
An JacobsSociologist working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2005
An Jacobs, Ph.D., is a sociologist working at imec-SMIT-VUB since 2005. Currently she is a part time Associate Professor in the Department of Media and Communication Studies and Program manager of the Data and Society program at the research centre SMIT (Studies on Media, Innovation and Technology) in close cooperation with imec (Belgian/Flemish R&D and innovation hub in nanoelectronics and digital technology). Her scientific research focuses on the people centred development of digital algorithms, applications and services in the health and work context (coördination, communication, monitoring, experience). Participation, trust and empowerment are central concepts in the applied mixed methods.
Milan's ULL co-design pathway to spread green roofs and walls throughout the city
by Israa Mahmoud, Iliriana Sejdullahu and Eugenio Morello
Track: Research In Progress Paper
Topic: Living Labs for a Greener Future and Urban & Rural resilience
- Nature-based solutions
- Greening Cities
- Urban Living Lab
Abstract Through a shared governance approach, the city of Milan is adopting a co-design process that involves citizens and their preferences in designing green roofs and walls throughout the city. This process is supported by the CLEVER Cities project co-creation pathway that fosters the engagement of residents and local stakeholders in leading the Urban Living Lab (ULL) in a collaborative environment towards implementing nature-based solutions (NBS). In this short research in progress article, we emphasize the different workshops of co-design held digitally due to latest health emergency, COVID-19, whereas various instruments and tools were tested and implemented with citizens as residents in their own buildings. The current ongoing results yield on the evolvement of the ULL looking at its spatial challenges, flexibility, citizen engagement dynamics as well as stakeholders decision-making mechanism.
Israa H. Mahmoud
Architect and Urban planner by education
Israa H. MahmoudArchitect and Urban planner by education
Israa H. Mahmoud is an Architect and Urban planner by education. She holds a Ph.D. in Urban regenerations. Since 2018, she is a post-Doc research fellow at the Urban Simulation Lab Fausto Curti, Department of Architecture and Urban Studies (DAStU), at Politecnico di Milano. Now she is the research team leader together with Prof. Eugenio Morello on CLEVER Cities Project – Funded by the European Commission – Horizon 2020 Funded Project – GA#776604 as an expert of Co-creation guidance for cities to implement Nature-based solutions in socially inclusive urban regeneration processes. She lectures about Nature-based solutions in Master of Science in Urban Planning and Policy Design, as well as Master of Sustainable architecture and Landscape design. Lately, she co-leaded the Greening Cities, Shaping Cities international symposium at Politecnico di Milano, October 2020